The month of Ramadan is the month of repentance and forgiveness for all the peoples of the Islamic nation. This month is marked by the holy month; This holy month is characterized by; As well as strengthening the soul’s desire to worship and the rate of participation in the demand for repentance and forgiveness, with the customs and traditions of all persons and all Islamic countries; But more the traditions of this holy month differ between each city and others in the same country.
In Indonesia, which consists of more than 3000 islands scattered throughout Southeast Asia, the Muslims of Indonesia in particular, used to receive the month of Ramadan with festive manifestations that distinguish them from the rest of the Muslims of the world; As their lifestyle changes and changes dramatically during the month of Ramadan, and their first concern over the days of the month becomes worship, recitation of the Qur’an and frequent attendance of mosques.
According to (indonesia.travel), one of the manifestations of receiving the holy month in Indonesia – the largest country in terms of the Muslim population in the world, in which the Muslim population represents more than 85% of its total population, which is about 238 million people (according to a general census 2010)- taking care of their homes, decorating them and placing decorations on them, as well as decorating the streets and raising banners; To take care of mosques in particular; Where they are keen to perform Tarawih prayers in all mosques of the Indonesian archipelago; Especially the Istiqlal Mosque in Jakarta, the largest mosque in Indonesia and Southeast Asia.
The drums of the duke immediately after the announcement of the advent of Ramadan
Among the traditions and customs of Ramadan in Indonesia, restaurants and cafes close their doors during the day in Ramadan, and nightclubs close during the month as a manifestation of respect. Mosques also offer free iftar meals to fasting people. Huge drums are sounded as soon as the month of Ramadan is announced; Where the streets are roaming small trucks carrying the “Beduk”, and young people beat them to celebrate the advent of Ramadan, and these drums are also played just before the Maghrib call to prayer; Ushering in the time of Iftar, these drums are a symbol of the holy month in Indonesia.
Schools and religious institutes do not lag behind on the scene; Where officials organize mass gatherings for students in those schools and institutes; To provide them with appropriate programs in order to educate them about the etiquette and grandeur of the holy month. One of the praiseworthy habits of some well-to-do families is to go to an orphanage to eat breakfast with them.
In Bali and West Java, there is a culture of eating together as an apology for past mistakes to loved ones. Another well-known tradition that you can find in many parts of Indonesia is to visit the burial grounds of loved ones, and this tradition is called “visiting”, this tradition for them is not Just to remember these people, but also to remember that there is an afterlife.
Another tradition that many people follow is the ‘ngaboburit’ tradition where people go out before breakfast time, and buy food in the many markets, or rows of food stalls that are especially available in Ramadan.. In Jakarta, you can visit Pinhill Street to find Rows of food stalls selling all kinds of snacks, drinks, desserts and the best food dishes for you to enjoy.
Indonesians have different tables during Ramadan. Where they accept certain types of drinks, foods and fruits, and the fasting people start their breakfast with different types of drinks, such as: “Timon Syrian” drink, a type of cantaloupe, and many of them are keen to break their fast with dates and milk, following the example of the Sunnah of the Prophet Muhammad, may God bless him and grant him peace, and accept Indonesians eat potatoes; They boil it and mix it with brown sugar and coconut, and the Indonesians call this type of sweet potato “kulak”, and then they go to perform the Maghrib prayer and then return to eat their main meal.
Rice is the basic breakfast meal, and the modik at the end of Ramadan
Rice is the main food in Indonesia, which is eaten boiled or fried, and the Indonesians cook their food in coconut milk and oil, and sometimes they serve it wrapped in coconut or banana leaves, and rice can be served with meat, fish or vegetables, or a restaurant with hot spices only, and the meat that It is eaten in Indonesia is the meat of water buffalo, cow and chicken, and in some areas is eaten venison.
As for the Tarawih prayer in Indonesia, Muslims perform it eight units of prayer in some mosques, and in others they pray twenty units. Most of these mosques do not adhere to the complete seal of the Qur’an; Rather, you read in Tarawih prayer what is easy from the Qur’an, and Tarawih prayer may sometimes include a word of exhortation, or a religious lesson.
It is a custom when the Tarawih prayers are over and everyone goes to his house, to see the youth of every village gather near the mosque to sing and invoke the supplications until the time of Suhoor. The group that owns the Nuba wakes the people up for suhoor, using the Budooq machine. On the next night, another group of young people perform the same work, i.e. in the form of shifts. As for the big cities, cannons go out to wake the residents up for suhoor, and they go out again to catch, marking the start of a new day’s fast.
And when the end of the month of Ramadan comes, millions of Indonesians who live abroad and in the capital, Jakarta, return to their original towns and cities, in an annual event known as “Modik” to celebrate Eid al-Fitr and its rituals, most notably the Eid prayer, and customs, most notably the exchange of visits and the celebration of sweets and food.